A closer look at the farmers whose lives are being changed by P4P.
WFP is responsible for buying and transporting the food, while programming and food monitoring are done jointly by WFP, the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Social Development. Other local partners include UNICEF, FAO, USAID, CIDA and various NGOs who provide support in areas such as school infrastructure, deworming, school vegetable gardens and nutrition education.
The Government of Honduras steadily increased its commitment and programme ownership through the years.
YUPILTEPQUE—When she remembers growing up in a rural village in Guatemala one thing stands out for Roxanna Valenzuela. It was how the community ostracised her family, because her mother, a single parent, insisted on sending her 3 daughters to school even though she was struggling to put food on the table.
Today, Roxanna, 32, is the secretary of The Municipal Association of Active Women from Yupiltepeque (AMMYA), a farmers group involved in the Purchase for Progress pilot (P4P) which uses the WFP’s role as a food buyer to help connect small farmers to markets.
For the past year P4P Malawi has been working with farmers’ organisations to improve their business mindset and their understanding of contract terms. Together with partners, P4P concentrated its capacity development support during the last six months on training that focused on improving the ability of organisations to plan and deliver (see here).
In August, P4P witnessed the first results of this strategy.
Smallholders will be able to sell their maize to NFRA, while ten percent of NFRA’s purchases will be reserved for smallholders participating in WFP’s Purchase for Progress (P4P) pilot in the country.
The new agreement could quadruple the size of current P4P purchases in Tanzania, taking purchases from a 2011 high of 4,300 tons to 20,000 tons annually. Under the previous arrangement, WFP was already able to buy 90,000 tons of maize from NFRA. WFP uses the food bought from NFRA for its food assistance programmes in the region, such as in Kenya, Somalia or South Sudan.
“To take part in this agribusiness training has been highly satisfying and relevant, because my duties are closely related with this area and now I can put all the knowledge I have gained into practice with the small farmers that I am providing technical support” concluded Ana Maritza Madrid, one of the first 54 graduates.
Fati Mahama is a smallholder from the district of Ejura Sekyedumasi in Ghana’s Ashanti Region. She grows maize and cowpea on a small farm which is barely 2 hectares. In March this year, she was in for a surprise when she sold maize to the World Food Programme (WFP) through its Purchase for Progress (P4P) initiative.
“I can’t believe that I sold only six heaped maxi bags (usually a 100kg bag) and made so much money,” she said after she realized that she had just increased her income by 50 percent.
In October 2011 a lessons learned workshop with partners had shown that the P4P strategy, based on procurement-focused capacity development, had some limitations: it did not develop FOs performance, nor build their capacity to enter regular procurement modalities. The reason behind this was that FOs were and are at differing development stages, or lack appropriate supply- side support, and thus simply providing an opportunity to market their goods did not translate into good performance on contracts.
Under the Purchase for Progress (P4P) programme, WFP in Sierra Leone issued a contract for five tons of gari to a small trader in early 2011 - this marked the first time that WFP had tried to purchase gari locally and it was successful. After this initial purchase, WFP started to negotiate further contracts with farmers’ organizations supported by supply-side partners. Subsequently, three more contracts for 5 tons each were signed in mid-2011; a second-time contract with the trader and two with farmers’ organizations (FOs).
Until 3 years ago, the farmers of Slahamo, a small village in northern Tanzania, could only rely on their own resources for their agricultural activities. Living some 150 kilometers west of Arusha, they faced huge difficulties in accessing inputs and financial services, and reaching profitable markets for their produce. Even the district council’s warehouse that had been built in the 1970’s was largely abandoned.
The road from Eldoret to Kitale is lined with a succession of farms and little villages. In this region in Western Kenya, not too far from the Ugandan border, farmers are busy tending their fields. While some of the farms are big and mechanized, most plots are small and the work is done by hand by the farmers and their families.
In Wamuini Soko Huru, a village at the end of a dirt road outside Kitale, a group of farmers is sitting inside a one-room house. They are all members of the same association and they have sold some of their maize to the WFP for the first time as part of P4P.