Fighting Malaria In Zambia With Your Cellphone

WFP has been contracted by the United Nations Development Programme through the Global Fund to distribute 4.8 million mosquito nets to 980 health centres across the country.

Chances are, you might have seen this symbol before. --->

Originally designed in Japan, “Quick Response” codes are used to encrypt information such as web site URLs, phone numbers, text messages, and even geolocation. They are a digital step past the traditional barcode in that they can store and constantly update information, which can be accessed by just taking a picture of the code with your cell phone.

For an organization like WFP, GPS tracking capabilities have the potential to simplify and streamline the tracking of relief items, making this information not only more easily accessible to our own staff, but for the many humanitarian organizations for whom we transport cargo.

In Zambia, our logistics teams are using QR codes to track the movement of nearly five million mosquito nets currently being transported by WFP on behalf of UNDP and the Global Fund to around 1,000 health centres throughout the country.

These QR codes are linked to a centralized Relief Item Tracking Application (RITA), managed by logistics staff based at WFP Headquarters in Rome, Italy. Data collected from the local level is inputted by Zambia-based staff and superintendents who collectively monitor 48 districts on a daily basis. A different code is assigned to each independent batch of cargo that sets off for delivery.

Using a QR code reader installed on a cell phone, staff or partners can easily take a photo of the code above, and find out the history of a particular batch of mosquito nets.

The transporting of these nets is part of a larger effort by the Government of Zambia, together with international aid partners to ultimately eradicate malaria in their country. One part of this plan is ensuring that Zambians are able to access mosquito nets, lowering the rate of potential malaria cases.

This operation in Zambia is unique in that it’s the first time that WFP has implemented this type of technology for tracking relief items on a large scale – and it’s proving to be successful. Not only can individual cargo movements be tracked, but the progress of the entire operation can easily be seen via mobile phone or computer.