The R4 Rural Resilience Initiative (R4) is a strategic partnership between Oxfam America (OA) and the UN World Food Programme (WFP). R4 was initiated in 2011 to respond to the challenges faced by food-insecure communities enduring increasingly frequent and intense climate disasters and other shocks. During this quarter, over 35,000 farmers were registered into the program in Ethiopia and Senegal. Senegal also saw the start of the climate services pilot and the completion of Food for Assets (FFA) activities. In Malawi and Zambia, R4 operations scaled up to 2,500 farmers insured in each country. The first seasonal assessment in Southern Africa resulted in the index triggering payouts in Malawi for the first window. This report provides an update on R4 activities from April to June 2016 and presents the assessment of the insurance product performance in Malawi and Zambia.