Understanding hunger and vulnerability is becoming more complex, as the world is fast changing. The most vulnerable are affected by new phenomena such as volatile food prices or increasingly frequent natural disasters.

WFP keeps its approaches and methods up-to-date to best analyze food insecurity and vulnerability, assess needs and propose the most appropriate types and scale of interventions.

WFP has revised and updated its four main guidelines to take account of the latest methodological developments, in particular on how to measure food insecurity, link food insecurity and nutrition, conduct a forecast and response analysis, and how to analyze markets, etc. These are now available:

  • UNHCR/WFP Joint Assessment Missions (JAM) Guidelines, new edition, September 2008
    They are for use in assessing the situation, needs, risks, capacities and vulnerabilities of refugees, internally displaced people and returnees, in particular with regards to food security and nutrition.
  • The Food Security Monitoring Systems (FSMS) Technical Guidance Sheets: They are part of a wider project to strengthen food security monitoring. The objective is to have light but comprehensive nationally - led monitoring systems that rapidly inform decision-makers of the trends in food and nutrition security and flag deteriorating situations. 

VAM has also developed technical guidance notes covering specific aspects of food security analysis accessible through the Publications section.