Hunger Hotspots

Facts, figures and the latest updates from WFP's high-profile emergencies.
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23 December 2008

Ethiopia

FAO completed the 1st phase of the CFSAM and the 3rd phase of the WFP/FAO CFSAM combining the FAO crop part; and the Meher needs assessment is expected in mid January 2009. The 1st part of the FAO mission indicated that crop performance is good and harvest could be average especially for the main crop growing areas in the western parts of the country. Teff production is likely to be below average due to the effect of the unseasonal rains. Harvest prospects are below average in the eastern half of the country. There is growing concern about the availability of water and adequate pasture in arid areas of Somali, Afar, Tigray and Oromiya regions should the current dry spell continue and belg rains come late.  
23 December 2008

Kenya

The budget for the PRRO-Recovery document has so far been cleared up to level 4. The document is currently being processed by HQ.
23 December 2008

Somalia

Preparations for the implementation of blanket supplementary feeding and pilot of supplementary plumpy in south-Somalia have been completed. They include training of cooperating partners and WFP staff on the use of supplementary plumpy to address moderate malnutrition among children under five and pre-positioning of commodities required for the intervention. Implementation of the project is scheduled to start next week. WFP has finalized draft field level agreements for signature with 31 NGOs that have been selected to undertake relief food distributions in December in five areas formerly supported by CARE international in Hiran, Middle Shabelle and Gedo regions of south-central Somalia. A total of 8,440 mt has been planned by WFP as a response to the increased food insecurity and high malnutrition rates in the areas, which have a global acute malnutrition rate of above 20 percent.
23 December 2008

Sudan

An inter-agency security assessment to Buram and Wad Hajam in South Darfur, following last week’s report of ethnic clashes, reported at least 88 deaths, 1,265 households displaced and significant damage to surrounding villages and towns. A humanitarian mission is planned for 22 December to assess urgent needs. Despite the unstable situation in the Buram – Tulus area, WFP was able to accomplish food deliveries to Gereida in readiness for the handover of the food assistance programme from ICRC. In January 2009, WFP and CARE will take over the programme in Gereida, the largest IDP camp in Darfur, from ICRC.
16 December 2008

DRC

Negotiations to resolve the conflict, between delegations from both the DRC Government and the Congrès National pour la Défense du Peuple (CNDP), which started on 8 December 2008 in Nairobi under the mediation of the Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General (SRSG) for eastern DRC, Olusegun Obasanjo and former Tanzanian president, Benjamin Mkapa, will resume again on 17 December 2008.  The SRSG remains optimistic concerning the outcome.
16 December 2008

Ethiopia

The air operation, which started on 21 November, ended on 12 December. In total, 150.4 mt of non-cereals were airlifted from Dire Dawa hub to Gode zone, which was severely affected by floods. Most roads have now opened up.
16 December 2008

Kenya

On 2 December, the UNICEF Deputy Executive Director visited the Dadaab refugee camp. The total number of refugees in both camps stands at 276,000; 224,000 in Dadaab and 52,000 in Kakuma. The influx of refugees at the Dadaab camp continues with 4,000 new arrivals awaiting registration at the camp. Training for the Ministry of Education’s Home Grown School Feeding Project was concluded last week and guidelines for the rollout of the project shared with school feeding partners. The programme will be officially launched in January 2009 and will cover 450,000 children.   
16 December 2008

Somalia

Approximately 700 households in Hafun and Karkar regions of Puntland who were victims of the recent floods and frozen rains in the region will be assisted by WFP with emergency relief food starting 13 December through the immediate response option. A joint rapid assessment conducted by WFP, OCHA and a local NGO-HADMA last week confirmed that the affected households are in desperate need of relief assistance including food.
16 December 2008

Sudan

WFP and its partners in South Sudan are holding consultation meetings in preparation for food pre-positioning in remote locations starting March 2009. Meanwhile, WFP food assistance continued during the week to some 7,000 flood-affected people in Upper Nile State, and parts of Lakes State remain inaccessible due to poor road conditions, hampering food deliveries to some 5,000 spontaneous returnees in the area. This reinforces the need for an early start to pre-position food stocks in remote locations that become inaccessible during the rainy season.
16 December 2008

Zimbabwe

Sharp increases in the price of maize grain were witnessed last week across the country.  Within the week, price increases ranged from 300 percent to 733 percent.  The WFP Community Household Surveillance of November 2008 noted a sharp increase in negative coping mechanisms. 60 percent of households reported having had only one meal the previous day compared to 13 percent in October 2007. The percentage of households who reported having had no food the previous day stands at 12 percent compared to 0 percent in 2007. WFP shared the final protocol for food assistance to Cholera Treatment Centers/Units (CTC/CTU) with the inter-cluster technical working group on cholera this week. WFP will also meet with the working group early next week and identify relevant food operators for CTC/CTU in coordination with C-SAFE.  

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