Chechnya, Russian Federation, February 2005
The internal conflict, which started in the autumn of 1999, severely disrupted the livelihoods of Chechnya's civilian population, causing many to flee into neighbouring regions.
Since the start of 2004, some 34,700 displaced people have returned. However, the precarious security situation in Chechnya remains the main obstacle to the return of the internally displaced persons, with the problem of shelter and access to food and medicines also factors. Most people in Chechnya are unemployed and a vast majority live below the poverty line. Some 63 percent earn less than US$20 a month.
As part of the UN Consolidated Appeals Process, WFP has been providing emergency food assistance to about 310,000 conflict-affected internally displaced persons and vulnerable groups in Ingushetia and Chechnya since early 2000.