Haiti, Port-au-Prince, October 2006
Haiti is the poorest country in the Western hemisphere, and one of the most disadvantaged countries in the developing world. It ranks 153 out of 177 countries on the UNDP Human Development Index (2005). 76% of Haitians live on less than USD 2 per day, while 55% live on less than USD 1 per day. Chronic malnutrition is widespread among the most vulnerable, with severe or moderate stunting affecting up to 42 percent of children under five. Easily preventable illnesses like malnutrition and diarrhoea account respectively for 28% and 20% of all Under-Five deaths. Food supply covers only 55 percent of the population and daily food insecurity affects 40 percent of Haitian homes. Haiti ranks along with Afghanistan and Somalia as one of the three countries of the world with the worst daily caloric deficit per inhabitant (460 kcal/day) and 2.4 million Haitians cannot afford the minimum 2,240 daily calories recommended by the World Health Organization.