During this quarter, the initiative focused on commencing activities in each of the R4 countries. Following dry spells during the 2018 agricultural season, the indexes were triggered in Ethiopia and Senegal. In Kenya, assessment of farmers’ average yields took place in January to analyse the level of payouts for the 2018 short rains season. In Zambia, the index triggered and payouts will be disbursed during the following quarter. In Malawi, the R4 team focused on monitoring of interventions and planning activities for 2019. In Zimbabwe, an outcome monitoring exercise was conducted to determine the effects of the initiative on household resilience. Results from the survey will be presented in the next Quarterly Report.