10 Facts About Hunger In Zambia

Here are ten facts that shed light on the hunger situation in Zambia. Please help WFP raise awareness by sharing these important facts on Twitter. 

1) Sixty percent of people in Zambia live below the poverty line and 42 percent are considered to be extremely poor.

2) The prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) among adults is 14.3 percent.

3) The number of HIV and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) orphans is estimated at 1.5 million which means that one in five children in the country is an orphan.

4) The prevalence of stunting in children - low growth for age - is 40 percent.

5) The prevalence of anemia is 53 percent among children under five years of age and 30 percent among women of child-bearing age. 

6) Fifteen percent of children in Zambia are underweight.

7) More than 350,000 people in the country are food insecure, i.e. they do not have access to a regular supply of healthy food.

8) The mortality rate among under-fives is 75/1000 live births (a decline in recent years but still high in rural areas).

9) The infant mortality rate is 45/1000 live births (a decline in recent years but still high in rural areas).

10) In both rural and urban households, poverty levels are highest amongst female-headed households with extreme poverty levels of more than 60 percent in rural areas and 15 percent in urban areas.

Learn more about hunger and malnutrition from WFP's comprehensive list of Facts About Hunger and Malnutrition.

Sources: Zambia Demographic Health Survey, Cost of Diet by the National Food and Nutrition Commission, World Bank, Country Analysis Report, 2013/14 Zambia Vulnerability Assessment Committee Report