10 Facts About Malnutrition In Indonesia

Here are 10 facts that give the measure of the malnutrition situation in Indonesia. Please help WFP raise awareness by sharing these facts on Twitter.

1) Despite economic growth, 87 million Indonesians remain vulnerable to food insecurity.

2) There has been no progress in reducing stunting between 2007 (36.8 percent) and 2013 (37.2 percent).

3) Indonesia has the fifth-highest number of stunted children in the world. More than one out of every three children, or 37 percent, in Indonesia are stunted. That means 9.5 million children under five are malnourished.

4) More than three million or 12 percent of children under five years of age in Indonesia suffer from wasting.

5) Almost two out of every three children under two years of age, or 57 percent, in rural areas in Indonesia are anaemic.

6) Only 42 percent of children aged less than six months are exclusively breastfed, and only 36 percent of children consume appropriate complementary food.

7) About ten percent of adolescent girls aged 15-19 years of age are already mothers or pregnant with their first child. Pregnancy during adolescence poses a major risk to the nutritional status of adolescent girls and their children.

8) Malnutrition costs Indonesia more than US$5 billion annually due to lost productivity as the result of poor education standard and diminishing physical capability.

9) Children suffer frequent episodes of diarrhoea, which accelerates undernutrition. In 2012, 14 percent of all children in Indonesia had suffered an episode of diarrhoea in the previous two weeks.

10) In Indonesia, overweight and obesity in adults has almost doubled in the last decade, driving an alarming increase in non-communicable diseases (NCDs). This coexistence of high levels of undernutrition and overnutrition is known as the “double burden” of malnutrition. 

Learn more about hunger and malnutrition from WFP's comprehensive list of Facts About Hunger and Malnutrition.