The Cost of Hunger in Africa study – so far conducted in 12 countries across Africa – shows the social and economic impact of undernutrition among children under 5, and its cost on these countries’ economies. Here we look at 10 things to know about the cost of hunger in Ghana.
1) The annual costs associated with child undernutrition are estimated at GHC (Ghanaian Cedi) 4.6 billion. That’s equivalent to 6.4% of GDP.
2) Only 1 out of 3 children suffering from malnutrition receive adequate medical attention.
3) Most of the health costs associated with undernutrition occur before a child’s first birthday.
4) Twenty-four percent of all child mortality cases in Ghana are associated with undernutrition.
5) One in ten cases of students who have to repeat a year is due to undernutrition.
6) Undernourished children complete an average of 10 months less education than well-nourished children.
7) Child mortality associated with undernutrition has reduced Ghana’s workforce by 7.3 percent.
8) Thirty-seven percent of adults in Ghana suffered from stunting as children.
9) Yet stunting has declined from 23 percent to 19 percent among children.
10) Eliminating stunting in Ghana is a necessary step for sustained development.
The COHA study is an initiative led by the African Union (AU), under the coordination of the New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD), with the support of the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) and the World Food Programme (WFP)