High Energy Biscuits Baked in Kabul

A factory in Kabul has begun producing fortified cookies for WFP school meal programmes in Afghanistan.

KABUL -- On a rainy afternoon in Kabul, the air outside a building painted a cheerful shade of turquoise is fragrant with the scent of freshly-baked cookies. The Itaffaq factory is the newest supplier for WFP’s High Energy Biscuits, a cookie fortified with vitamins and minerals which WFP distributes to schoolchildren in Afghanistan. Most of the 15,000 metric tons of biscuits that WFP will give to just under one million kids in Afghanistan this year will be imported from India. But in an effort to build local capacity and stimulate the Afghan economy, WFP has shown several factories in the country how to make the biscuits and is buying them domestically, made with local ingredients wherever possible.

The Biscuit Doctor

On the factory floor, Henri Chouvel, WFP’s PhD-holding food technologist in charge of the production, is in his element. He flits between mixer, conveyor belt and oven like a more conventionally-dressed, francophone Willy Wonka. Of his 25 years of work experience in the private sector with big food international companies including Nabisco, Danone and the Sarah Lee group, 15 years were dedicated to biscuits. He scrutinizes every step of the production process attentively, a notebook and pencil in hand, scribbling furiously. “150 biscuits per turn of the rotary molder…. Onto the oven belt… 7 minutes 26 seconds in the oven… That means we can produce five kilos of biscuits per minute… 300 kilos per hour… A ten-hour day… We should be done with the first 50 metric tonnes in 16 working days,” he concludes triumphantly.

Competitive Prices

Henri has reason to be proud. This is the third factory his team has primed to produce HEBs in Afghanistan – this one in Kabul, the other two in Herat. This ties in with WFP’s Purchase for Progress (P4P) activities in Afghanistan, where partnerships are being formed with NGOs to help local farmers’ organisations produce the ingredients for the biscuits. Henri works with the local companies to improve their operational efficiency and bring costs down. “With a bit more work and with an agreement with the government to claim taxes back, the Afghan biscuits could become competitive in price to biscuits produced in Indonesia and Turkey,” he explains. Later this year he is expecting the arrival of containerized production units in the country – self-contained mini-factories which will be used to produce HEBs and RUSFs. “If everything goes to plan, we’ll have the capacity to produce 80% of the HEB needs for WFP Afghanistan locally by 2013.”

Donor Support

The P4P programme in Afghanistan is entirely funded through contributions from the Government of Canada, through the Canadian International Development Agency. The 500,000 packages of HEBs being produced by the Itaffaq factory in Kabul were paid for thanks to a donation from USAID.