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Every inhabited region of the world is experiencing the effects of climate change, which is one of the main drivers of global hunger. Over the past decade, 1.7 billion people have been affected by extreme weather and climate-related disasters. Communities who contribute the least to the climate crisis are bearing the brunt of its impacts, with limited means to cope.  

With the vast majority of the world’s hungry exposed to climate shocks and stresses, eradicating hunger requires bold efforts to improve people’s ability to adapt. If we don’t help communities adjust to the new reality of the climate crisis, hunger and malnutrition will increase. If average global temperature rises by 2°C from pre-industrial levels, an additional 189 million people are expected to be pushed into hunger. In a 4°C warmer world, this figure could rise to a staggering 1.8 billion.

The World Food Programme (WFP) is helping food insecure communities to prepare for, respond to, and recover from climate shocks and stresses. WFP saves lives following climate-related disasters. WFP also implements climate risk management solutions in 28 countries, benefiting more than six million people.

Climate crisis is one of the main drivers of hunger today

WFP programmes support countries and communities to

Anticipate

a man is trying to walk in a flooded area

Anticipate climate hazards before they turn into disasters. 

  • Through its Forecast-based Financing (FbF) programme, WFP helps countries and communities to develop early-warning systems to trigger humanitarian action before extreme weather events impact vulnerable families, allowing them to take preventive action such as evacuating assets and livestock, reinforcing their homes and buying food and other essential items.
  • WFP also provides climate information to smallholder farmers, as well as providing analysis to vulnerable countries on the links between food security and climate risk. 
     

Restore

a group of people are walking in the field

Restore degraded ecosystems as natural shields against climate hazards.

  • Nature itself is often the best way to protect both people and planet. Rehabilitating ecosystems helps to reduce people’s vulnerability to climate shocks and stresses while also protecting biodiversity and promoting social cohesion. On average, over the past five years, WFP has worked with vulnerable communities to rehabilitate 1.5 million hectares of degraded land and forests, and establish 54,000 ponds, wells, and communal reservoirs. 

Protect

a woman is sitting with the food she received from WFP

Protect the most vulnerable with safety nets and insurance against climate extremes.

  • WFP enables communities to withstand shocks through climate risk insurance – which provides people with cash payouts following a climate-related disaster. In 2020, more than two million people in 13 countries were protected by climate risk insurance solutions developed or supported by WFP. 
  • Find out more about Risk Management, Insurance and Finance

 

Energize

a man is working on roof

Strengthen sustainable energy solutions in schools and communities. 

  • WFP promotes clean cooking solutions and provides households and schools with more efficient, less polluting appliances. This reduces the risks of people bartering food rations for fuel, undercooking or skipping meals, or prioritizing poorer quality food. In many school feeding programmes, fuelwood is often supplied by families which can impact family time, budgets and school attendance. 
  • In 2020, WFP enabled over 1.6 million people to access sustainable energy services.