The People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria
Current issues and what the World Food Programme is doing
WFP has supported the most vulnerable refugees since 1986 with basic food and nutrition needs at the request of the Government of Algeria. In the absence of a political solution, WFP must continue to provide humanitarian food assistance as this is a key factor to peace and stability in the camps.
What are the current issues in Algeria?
Algeria has hosted refugees from throughout Western Sahara since 1975 in what has become one of the world’s most protracted refugee crises. These Sahrawi refugees are located in five camps near the town of Tindouf in Western Algeria. The harsh and isolated desert environment limits opportunities for self-reliance and as a result the refugees depend on humanitarian assistance for their survival.
Not only is the Western Sahara refugee crisis one of the longest of its kind, it also ranks top among the world’s forgotten crises, according to the ECHO Forgotten Crisis Assessment 2014-2015. Despite continued negotiations, there is little sign of a durable solution to the political stalemate and camps have been the only alternative for Sahrawi refugees. The status quo has fueled frustration and disillusionment, especially among the young, which could lead to increased insecurity and tensions in the sub-region.
What is the World Food Programme doing in Algeria?
WFP currently represents the only reliable source of food for refugees from Western Sahara living in Algeria. Assessments have shown that chronic malnutrition is about 25 percent while global acute malnutrition among children aged 6-59 months is under eight percent.
A Protracted Relief and Recovery Operation (PRRO) in Algeria aims to improve the food consumption of the most vulnerable refugees and reduce acute malnutrition and anemia as well as to maintain enrolment and retention of refugee children in school.
Under this PRRO, WFP conducts three main activities:
WFP combines prevention and treatment approaches to address anemia, stunting and malnutrition among children aged under five years, and pregnant and nursing women, targeting some 22,500 people under its Mother and Child Health programme through 29 nutrition centers. WFP provides oil, sugar and fortified blended foods to 1,000 pregnant and nursing women, while 1,800 malnourished children aged 6-59 months receive a special spread fortified with vitamins and minerals (Plumpy Sup®) to treat moderate acute malnutrition. Each month, WFP also provides a special spread (NutributterTM) to 13,300 children aged 6-59 months, and micronutrient powders to about 6,360 pregnant and lactating women.
General Food Distributions
WFP aims to meet the basic food and nutritional needs of the most vulnerable refugees by providing 90,000 general food baskets plus 35,000 supplementary baskets per month.The composition of the baskets can vary, depending on funding, but baskets generally include cereals (wheat flour, rice and barley), pulses (lentils, beans and chick peas), sugar, vegetable oil and blended food. Overall, the caloric value is about 2,166 calories per person per day. Bilateral funding complements WFP’s dry food baskets with fresh foods.
School Meals Programme
WFP provides mid-morning snacks to 32,500 primary-school students in the form of milk or dates - when received as in-kind contributions - and fortified biscuits in 40 schools. WFP plans to integrate 7,000 to 8,000 kindergarten pupils into this activity. WFP also rehabilitates and constructs school kitchens and stores.
World Food Programme partners in Algeria
WFP cannot fight global hunger and poverty alone. These are our partners in Algeria:
- Algerian Red Crescent (ARC)
- Sahrawi Red Crescent (SRC)
- Comitato Internazionale per lo Sviluppo dei Popoli (CISP)
- Médicos del Mundo (MdM)
- Solidaridad Internacional de Andalucía (SI-A)
- Spanish Red Cross (SRC)
Want to know more about WFP partners? Visit WFP's Partnerships section.
Featured Algeria publications
A Country Brief provides the latest snapshot of the country strategy, operations, operational highlights (achievements and issues/challenges), partnerships and country background.
Looking for more publications on Algeria? Visit the Algeria publications archive.