In Somalia, women and children are bearing the brunt of the Horn of Africa drought
Story | 1 August 2022
Somalia is on the brink of famine, with the country devastated by the extreme and worsening drought in the Horn of Africa.
A total of 6 million people face acute food insecurity amid the driest conditions in 40 years, following three consecutive failed rainy seasons. Drought is compounding the impacts of other recurrent climate shocks, persistent insecurity and instability. A total of 1.4 million children under 5 face acute malnutrition; 330,000 of these face severe malnutrition and may be at risk of dying without immediate treatment. Over half a million people have been displaced by the drought in the first quarter of 2022.
If the March to June rainy season also fails, purchasing power continues to decline and humanitarian relief does not reach those most in need, Somalia could suffer famine by the middle of 2022. The last famine declared in Somalia, in 2011, killed a quarter of a million people.
In the face of this crisis, WFP is working to scale up its emergency food and nutrition response to reach a total of 3 million people – but a relief funding gap of US$192 million until September 2022 means it has less than a third of what it needs to save lives. The gap between hunger and the humanitarian response is widening. Immediate action is needed to avert a humanitarian catastrophe.
WFP, the largest humanitarian agency in Somalia, saves lives by providing food and nutrition assistance to people in crisis. WFP works both directly and through 100+ partners, even in areas where insecurity makes access challenging. Somalia is also the location for WFP’s largest anticipatory action in Africa, helping drought-affected households to prepare for a potential fourth poor rainy season with cash transfers and an information campaign.
WFP changes lives in Somalia by helping to build sustainable, long-term resilience at community, state and national level against recurrent shocks like drought and flooding. This includes working with the Government to implement social protection programmes; strengthening climate-smart food systems, e.g. by training smallholder farmers and linking them to new markets; and developing the capacity of national institutions to sustainably address hunger.
WFP works with all levels of government in alignment with Somalia’s Ninth National Development Plan, the United Nations Sustainable Development Cooperation Framework, and the Humanitarian Response Plan. One example is WFP’s support for Baxnaano, a Government-owned national safety net. WFP’s work is integrated with the broader United Nations, including joint programming with the United Nations Children’s Fund and the Food and Agriculture Organization.
Story | 1 August 2022
Story | 6 June 2022
Story | 4 May 2022
Story | 19 April 2022
Story | 10 February 2022
Story | 8 February 2022