- of children under 5 with prevalence of low weight for age
- of children under 5 with prevalence of low weight for height
- prevalence of anaemia in children under 5
El Salvador has improved its food security, nutrition, gender equality, poverty and security in recent years. However, it still faces challenges, including:
- Limited access to food and nutrition, limited job opportunities and low incomes leading to irregular migration.
- High vulnerability to the effects of climate change. The country is on the Dry Corridor, where phenomena like droughts and tropical storms cause significant damage and losses to crops and other livelihood sources.
- Considerable gender inequalities, with women dedicating most of their time to domestic labour and childcare, which limits their opportunities to find paid jobs.
Food-price increases caused by COVID-19, the war in Ukraine and climate change have exacerbated many challenges for people already living in vulnerable conditions, creating even more inequality, poverty and food insecurity.
The World Foood Programme (WFP) aims to ensure that all Salvadorans have equal access to food, to maintain good nutrition for a healthy and prosperous life.
In the next five years (2022-27), working with partners and through a “By Salvadorans, For Salvadorans” approach, WFP will support Salvadorans in securing equal and adequate food and nutrition, better employment opportunities and resilience at community level following emergencies. WFP will promote women's economic empowerment, and strengthen both emergency preparedness systems and school meal programmes. Moreover, WFP will strengthen food systems by enhancing food production, local consumption, and access to markets that offer healthy products in partnership with the private sector.
What the World Food Programme is doing in El Salvador
WFP provides food assistance including cash to people affected by multiple crises including drought, floods/tropical storms and the socioeconomic impact of external factors such as the COVID-19 pandemic and global food price increases. WFP incorporates early-recovery activities that equip beneficiaries with the technical skills to produce food or diversify their livelihoods. Productive assets are built, including family and community gardens, and drip-irrigation, water-harvesting and solar pumping systems.
Strengthening food systems
WFP builds resilient and sustainable food systems through initiatives like gastronomy certification, which develops young people’s skills for potential employment, supports smallholder farmers, and links trainees and local food producers with restaurants and hotels. WFP supports the creation and reactivation of small enterprises, to produce food and diversify livelihoods. WFP uses climate insurance to help communities reduce the risk of unpredictable weather conditions and build resilience.
National capacity strengthening
WFP strengthens the capacity of government institutions in areas such as supply chain, social protection systems, nutrition and education. Based on food security analysis, WFP shares information that contributes to informed decision-making. WFP supports the national school-feeding programme through different initiatives, including the production of a nutritional drink.
To support humanitarian and development partners in achieving their own programme objectives, WFP provides on-demand services such as cash transfers, logistics, warehousing, procurement of food and non-food items, and telecommunications.
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