At 11:56 am on 25 April 2015, a destructive earthquake of 7.8 magnitude hit Nepal with the epicentre about 60 km outside the Kathmandu Valley. A total of 30 out of 75 districts of the country have been affected, the worst affected are across rural and urban areas. The Government has officially declared a state of emergency and asked for international humanitarian assistance.
Central African Republic
In December 2013, a wave of violence began sweeping across this already unstable country, forcing thousands of families to flee their homes. Half a million people are now displaced within the Central African Republic (C.A.R) and another 180,000 have crossed into neighbouring countries. WFP is assisting around 500,000 people per month inside C.A.R and tens of thousands of refugees outside its borders.
In support of the medical response to the Ebola emergency in West Africa, WFP is focusing on meeting the basic food and nutrition needs of families affected by the outbreak. Since April, more than 2.7 million people have received WFP food assistance in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone. WFP is also helping the humanitarian get staff and equipment into the crisis zones.
The humanitarian situation continues to deteriorate in Iraq in the wake of the recent upsurge in violence. More than 1.8 million people have been displaced and many are living without access to food, water or other essentials. WFP has been able to provide food assistance to over 1 million people displaced across Iraq since June. We need more funds to continue our work until April.
Violence by armed militants in northern Nigeria is causing widespread upheaval in the region and forcing large numbers of people to seek refuge in neighbouring countries. The number of people, majority women and children, fleeing the conflict is increasing and the influx of displaced people is straining already stretched communities and services in remote areas of Cameroon, Chad and Niger.
WFP is on the ground in all three countries and is expanding its response to assist refugees, returnees, internally displaced people (IDPs), and the communities that are receiving them. Life-saving food assistance is being provided and specialized nutritional food to treat malnourished children under five, and pregnant and nursing women.
Humanitarian assistance has helped stabilize food security in South Sudan for now. As part of the broad response in South Sudan, WFP has reached more than 2.5 million people this year. But it is critical to sustaining relief efforts because the situation remains very fragile. A hunger catastrophe will be a threat well into next year – especially if fighting continues.
The humanitarian situation in Syria continues to deteriorate. The fighting is driving more and more people from their homes and making access to food increasingly difficult. WFP is struggling to meet the urgent food needs of close to 6 million displaced people inside Syria and in neighbouring countries. Operations are being run on a hand-to-mouth basis as funding is running out.