This operation has been modified as per budget revision 6 (see below)
Consistent economic growth over the past decade despite frequent shocks has enabled Bangladesh to achieve notable improvements in poverty reduction, education and child mortality. High rates of child undernutrition, food insecurity and extreme poverty continue, however.
Bangladesh is unlikely to achieve its 2015 target of halving the proportion of people suffering from hunger: 60 million of the population of 150 million consume less than the minimum 2,122 kcal/person/day. Alarming levels of undernutrition and micronutrient deficiencies persist, with 14 percent of children under 5 suffering from acute undernutrition and 49 percent of children facing chronic undernutrition.
The goal of country programme 200243, which will assist 4 million people over five years, is to improve the long-term food security and nutrition of ultra-poor households. Its objectives are: reduce undernutrition among women and children under 5; increase children’s access to pre-primary and primary education; enhance the resilience of vulnerable communities and households to natural disasters and the effects of climate change; and enhance nationally owned safety-net programmes addressing hunger and household food insecurity.
The country programme supports the Government in the areas specified in the National Strategy for Accelerated Poverty Reduction II (2009–2011) and the Sixth Five-Year Plan (2011–2015). It also contributes to Millennium Development Goals 1-51 and Strategic Objectives 2, 4 and 5,2 and is aligned with the United Nations Development Assistance Framework (2012–2016).
The country programme focuses on WFP’s involvement in service delivery and a more systematic contribution to the Government’s social safety net systems, with an eventual handing over of activities. Programme components are integrated to increase their impact, and partnerships are emphasized.
Budget revision 6 to the CP is an essential investment by WFP in capacity development of the Government and mainstreaming of main WFP activities into national programmes to ensure better hand-over. The BR makes the following adjustments to the CP: (a) Improving maternal and child nutrition. Changes in implementation modalities reflect further integration with government health services, resulting in a reduction of 148,000 in the number of beneficiaries; (b) School feeding. An additional 300,000 pre-primary and primary schoolchildren will be assisted until the end of 2014 and the School Meals Initiative with local purchases will be continued until 2016, complementing the Government’s long-term strategy for universal primary education; (c) Enhancing resilience to natural disasters and the effects of climate change. An additional 2,000 households – 10,000 beneficiaries – will be assisted; the component takes an innovative approach through a new partnership.