This operation has been modified as per budget revision 7 (see below).
Despite high levels of economic growth in recent years, Mozambique remains one of the poorest countries in the world, ranking 184 out of 187 countries in the 2011 Human Development Index. A quarter of the population suffer from acute food insecurity at least once a year, mostly subsistence-farming communities and female-headed households in areas prone to natural disasters.
Mozambique ranks third among African countries most affected by weather-related hazards, and studies of climate change indicate that both the magnitude and frequency of such hazards are intensifying. The worst-affected areas are in the central and southern regions, which are most prone to recurrent drought, floods and cyclones. The Global Adaptation Index ranks Mozambique the seventh most vulnerable country to climate change and other global challenges, and is among the countries least ready to improve resilience.
Each year, households with transient food-insecurity require short-term support and when the response capacity of the Government’s National Institute for Disaster Management is exceeded, this generally triggers a formal request for support from WFP and other partners. In addition, 8,000 refugees and asylum seekers in Mozambique also face acute food insecurity and require humanitarian support.
This PRRO is embedded in the “Delivering as One” initiative in Mozambique and in the 2012-2015 United Nations Development Assistance Framework. The PRRO underpins the National Action Plan for Poverty Reduction 2011-2014, the Disaster Management Master Plan and the national contingency plan.
WFP will provide food assistance to populations that become transiently food-insecure as a result of recurrent seasonal shocks. Emergency and early recovery activities will target disaster-affected households, as well as refugees and asylum seekers. WFP will also strengthen the capacity of the Government to mount emergency esponses when shocks occur; specifically, WFP will strengthen the capacity of the National Institute for Disaster Management by building emergency preparedness and response capacity at provincial and district levels.
Amid unprecedented El Niño-related drought conditions across Mozambique, it is estimated that approximately 1.5 million people in the country are experiencing acute food insecurity. Following a request for support from the Government, and within the framework of WFP’s Level 3 corporate emergency response declaration for El Niño-affected countries in southern Africa, this BR 7 to PRRO 200355 will allow WFP to provide relief and recovery food assistance to food insecure drought-affected populations in Mozambique.
Specifically, this budget revision will scale up the operation’s General Food Distribution (GFD) component as well as the food assistance for assets (FFA) activities, and introduce an emergency school feeding component in support of primary school children. Together, these changes will target up to 700,000 drought-affected beneficiaries, and increase the total planned beneficiaries of the operation over its full lifespan to 1,053,000.