This operation has been modified as per budget revision 6 (see below).
Despite high levels of economic growth in recent years, Mozambique remains one of the poorest countries in the world, ranking 184 out of 187 countries in the 2011 Human Development Index. A quarter of the population suffer from acute food insecurity at least once a year, mostly subsistence-farming communities and female-headed households in areas prone to natural disasters.
Mozambique ranks third among African countries most affected by weather-related hazards, and studies of climate change indicate that both the magnitude and frequency of such hazards are intensifying. The worst-affected areas are in the central and southern regions, which are most prone to recurrent drought, floods and cyclones. The Global Adaptation Index ranks Mozambique the seventh most vulnerable country to climate change and other global challenges, and is among the countries least ready to improve resilience.
Each year, households with transient food-insecurity require short-term support and when the response capacity of the Government’s National Institute for Disaster Management is exceeded, this generally triggers a formal request for support from WFP and other partners. In addition, 8,000 refugees and asylum seekers in Mozambique also face acute food insecurity and require humanitarian support.
This PRRO is embedded in the “Delivering as One” initiative in Mozambique and in the 2012-2015 United Nations Development Assistance Framework. The PRRO underpins the National Action Plan for Poverty Reduction 2011-2014, the Disaster Management Master Plan and the national contingency plan.
WFP will provide food assistance to populations that become transiently food-insecure as a result of recurrent seasonal shocks. Emergency and early recovery activities will target disaster-affected households, as well as refugees and asylum seekers. WFP will also strengthen the capacity of the Government to mount emergency esponses when shocks occur; specifically, WFP will strengthen the capacity of the National Institute for Disaster Management by building emergency preparedness and response capacity at provincial and district levels.
Pending the development of a comprehensive strategy for future WFP engagement in Mozambique, budget revision 6 extends PRRO 200355 by a period of twelve months (from January to December 2016) in order to allow the continued provision of WFP assistance to refugees and populations affected by natural disasters. It further aligns the operation with the revised lifespan of WFP Country Programme 200286 and the extended United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF) for Mozambique.