This operation has been modified as per budget revision 6 (see below).
Civil strife and ethnic conflicts in neighbouring countries have resulted in a major influx of refugees into the United Republic of Tanzania, especially the northwestern Kigoma and Kagera regions. Renewed stability over the past two decades has created opportunities for the majority of these refugees to return home. The remaining 70,000 reside in Nyarugusu camp, which primarily hosts refugees from the Democratic Republic of the Congo and a small group from Burundi.
Nyarugusu, in Kigoma region, is theonly remaining refugee camp in the country after the closure of Mtabila camp in 2012. The closure followed the repatriation of Burundian refugees on the basis of agreements among the Government, Burundi and the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.
Most of the Congolese refugees originate from South Kivu, where the security situation remains volatile. It is unlikely that these refugees will be able to repatriate under the current circumstances. Durable solutions are being sought and opportunities for third-country resettlement are expected to increase. Protracted relief and recovery operation 200603 will provide humanitarian assistance for the refugee population in Nyaragusu camp through general food distributions and blanket supplementary feeding. WFP will also provide food for people temporarily hosted at the transit centre in Kigoma.
The design of this operation is based on the findings of the 2013 joint assessment mission and 2012 nutrition survey and on consultations with the Ministry of Home Affairs, other United Nations agencies, donors and partners.
WFP’s assistance to the refugee population is incorporated into the United Nations Development Assistance Plan (2011–2015) and aligned with the Government’s budget cycle. The operation contributes to Millennium Development Goals 1, 4 and 5, and is in line with WFP’s Strategic Plan (2014–2017), Strategic Objectives 1 and 4.
Budget revision 6 to PRRO 200603 is required to enable WFP to assist an additional 80,000 Burundian refugees in Tanzania for the period 1 October to 30 June 2016. This follows on from the 70,000 caseload introduced under BR4 for the period 01 June-30 September, bringing the total of new Burundian refugees entering the country to 150,000.