Madagascar is emerging from the 2009-2013 political crisis that has undermined development efforts. Poverty has increased over recent years and today 72 percent of its estimated 22 million population are living below the national poverty line. Many of these people have limited access to basic services, are vulnerable to natural disasters and have suffered as a result of political and economic crises. The southern part of the country suffers the most from food insecurity as a result of recurrent shocks such as locust plagues, droughts and inadequate access to food.
Evaluations of the previous country programme highlighted the need for strengthened partnerships. The current country programme supports fragile state institutions in line with the Government’s strategy and the United Nations Development Assistance Framework. Focusing on strengthening national capacities, WFP will support long-term development and reconstruction, and address food insecurity in the three most vulnerable southern regions.
WFP will: provide multi-fortified school meals in rural areas of the South and in priority urban areas; support the development of a national school feeding policy; assist in setting up a nationally owned school feeding system; and pilot Home-Grown School Feeding and cash transfers in urban areas to increase sustainability.
With regard to nutrition, WFP will support national coordination and provide technical assistance in the development of policies and protocols. Building on a context-specific understanding of the determinants of malnutrition, WFP will contribute to the development of effective national responses. Smallholder farmers will be supported to increase the quantity and quality of their agricultural production, reduce post-harvest losses and improve their handling of crops, allowing them to sell to WFP and other buyers.
In addition to the United Nations Development Assistance Framework (2015–2019) the country programme will contribute to WFP’s Strategic Objectives 3 and 4. It is also aligned with Millennium Development Goals 1 through 7 and pillars 1, 2, 4 and 5 of the Zero Hunger Challenge.