Syrian Arab Republic
- 12.1 million
- people are food insecure
- 2.7 million
- people are severely food insecure
- 6.8 million
- people are internally displaced
As the crisis in Syria continues into its 13th year, families across the country are facing unprecedented levels of poverty and food insecurity. More Syrians are struggling to put food on their tables than ever before, with the country having the sixth-highest number of food-insecure people in the world.
The World Food Programme (WFP) estimates that 12.1 million Syrians – more than half the population – are now grappling with food insecurity. Meanwhile, 2.9 million people are at risk of becoming food insecure – a 52 percent increase in one year.
Record-high food and fuel prices, exacerbated by the crisis in Ukraine, the continuing conflict in some parts of the country and disastrous earthquakes, have taken a devastating toll on Syria’s most vulnerable people. The global economic crisis means the number of people receiving subsidized food and fuel under the national social safety net programmes is being reduced.
WFP provides life-saving food assistance to 5.6 million people each month. This supports families with food rations and/or value vouchers to buy food, provides schoolchildren across the country with healthy snacks, and prevents and treats malnutrition in mothers and children.
To complement life-saving humanitarian assistance and gradually lessen dependence on external assistance, WFP is investing in resilience programmes such as rehabilitation of irrigation channels and bakeries.
What the World Food Programme is doing in Syria
WFP provides 5.6 million people in all 14 governorates with key foods to prevent them from slipping further into hunger. WFP distributes this food to some of the country’s most vulnerable families who have been affected by conflict, economic decline and climate change. WFP is scaling up its cash-based assistance where families receive value vouchers to flexibly purchase their needs of food from a number of WFP-contracted retailers. This contributes to generating demand and job opportunities within the local market, and injects cash into the local economy.
WFP’s nutrition programme helps children to get the best possible start in life and supports pregnant and nursing mothers to fight and prevent malnutrition. WFP currently supports over 300,000 pregnant and nursing women and girls and children aged between 6 months and 2 years to access nutrient-rich foods and improve their diets across all 14 governorates in Syria. This includes supporting women with value vouchers to diversify their diets, improve vitamin and mineral intake, and meet their nutritional needs.
WFP provides fortified snacks, fresh meals and assistance through electronic vouchers to more than 460,000 students. This food is a key step towards helping students to improve their health and nutrition and motivates families to send children to school. The fresh school meals programme in Aleppo employs vulnerable women and provides them with training and an income so they can support their families and become financially independent.
Livelihoods and resilience
To support communities’ self-sufficiency beyond urgent assistance, WFP supports families across Syria to restore their livelihoods, improve their food security and enhance their resilience to future shocks. Through trainings and the rehabilitation of local infrastructure such as irrigation channels and bakeries, Syrian families will have the opportunities they need to remain on their farms, grow their own food and improve their incomes.
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Türkiye-Syria earthquakes: WFP reaches communities with life-saving assistance amid apocalyptic devastation
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Syria: How cash cards and in-kind food from WFP support one family amid hard times
Story | 13 December 2022
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COP27: How WFP is responding to the climate crisis in the Middle East and North Africa
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Find out more about the state of food security in Syrian Arab RepublicVisit the food security analysis page
Operations in Syrian Arab Republic
Mezzeh, Damascus, Syria