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New report shows hunger is due to soar as coronavirus obliterates lives and livelihoods

The COVID-19 pandemic has had a huge impact on school children in Nigeria, with about 39 million children and youth affected by school closures. WFP will be supporting Nigeria in the process of planning a safe re-opening of schools and in strengthening school feeding programmes for the future. Nigeria, Makoko, Lagos. Photo: WFP/Damilola Onafuwa
ROME – A new report published today shows that people in some 25 countries are set to face devastating levels of hunger in coming months due to the fallout from the COVID-19 pandemic. While the greatest concentration of need is in Africa, countries in Latin America and the Caribbean, and in the Middle East and Asia – including middle-income countries - are also being ravaged by crippling levels of food insecurity, according to the Early Warning Analysis of Acute Food Security Hotspots, compiled by the World Food Programme and the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations.

“Three months ago at the UN Security Council, I told world leaders that we ran the risk of a famine of biblical proportions,” said WFP Executive Director David Beasley. “Today, our latest data tell us that, since then, millions of the world’s very poorest families have been forced even closer to the abyss. Livelihoods are being destroyed at an unprecedented rate and now their lives are in imminent danger from starvation. Make no mistake – if we do not act now to end this pandemic of human suffering, many people will die”

To prevent the worst, WFP is scaling up to provide food assistance to an unprecedented 138 million people who face desperate levels of hunger as the pandemic tightens its grip on some of the most fragile countries on earth.

The cost of WFP’s response to this burgeoning food insecurity accounts for about a third of the updated COVID-19 Global Humanitarian Response Plan, the largest appeal in the UN’s history, launched today, for more than US$ 10 billion. The plan covers wide-ranging humanitarian needs in more than 60 countries, many of them already reeling from the impact of conflict, climate change and economic crisis. There is a special provision of $500 million which is earmarked to prevent the outbreak of famine in countries most at risk.

The number of acute food insecure people in these at-risk countries could increase from an estimated 149 million pre-COVID-19 to 270 million before the end of the year if life-saving assistance is not provided urgently. Recent estimates also suggest that up to 6,000 children could die every day from preventable causes over the next six months as a result of pandemic-related disruptions to essential health and nutrition services.



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The United Nations World Food Programme is the world’s largest humanitarian organization, saving lives in emergencies, building prosperity and supporting a sustainable future for people recovering from conflict, disasters and the impact of climate change.

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For more information please contact (email address:

Frances Kennedy, WFP/ Rome,
Mob. +39 346 7600 806

Bettina Luescher, WFP/ Berlin,
Mob. +49 160. 9926 1730

Elisabeth Byrs, WFP/ Geneva,
Mob. +41 79 842 8057

Steve Taravella, WFP/ Washington,
Mob.  +1 202 770 5993

Shaza Moghraby, WFP/New York,
Mob. +1-929-289-9867



Early Warning Analysis of Acute Food Security Hotspots