CSP approved by EB.2/2018
Despite significant economic growth and democratic stability, Senegal is a least-developed and food-deficit country; some regions have high rates of food and nutrition insecurity, particularly in the north, south and east. The agriculture sector is dominated by subsistence farming and constrained by limited access to inputs, technology, finance and credit; most of the population is employed in the sector. Poverty and food insecurity are closely related to unsustainable resource management, climate change and gender inequality. Rural poverty, under-development and climate change are drivers of migration, with women, children and the elderly left at home and increasingly vulnerable.
WFP will support the Government in operationalizing sustainable safety nets and shock-responsive social protection programmes with a view to addressing food and nutrition insecurity, resource degradation, climate change adaptation, disaster risk reduction and educational development through school meals based on local smallholder production aiming for inclusive economic growth as part of a sustainable hand-over strategy.
The country strategic plan for 2019–2023 is informed by a national zero hunger strategic review conducted in 2017. Under the CSP WFP will focus on gender-transformative and adaptive social protection and resilience programmes aimed at four strategic outcomes as investments in the humanitarian-development nexus. The four strategic outcomes are:
- Strategic outcome 1: Food-insecure populations in targeted areas, including school-aged children, have access to adequate and nutritious food all year. Strategic outcome 2: Vulnerable populations in targeted departments, including children, pregnant and lactating women and girls and other nutritionally vulnerable people, have improved nutritional status all year.
- Strategic outcome 3: Food-insecure populations and communities exposed to climatic shocks and other risks in targeted areas have resilient livelihoods and sustainable food systems all year.
- Strategic outcome 4: National and local institutions have strengthened capacities to manage food security, nutrition security, social protection and resilience-building programmes by 2023.
WFP will target the poorest regions, integrating its activities to build resilience in vulnerable rural communities, with the school meals programme serving as a central entry point for a suite of nutrition, disaster risk reduction and local procurement programmes that will be implemented in the same localities to maximize impact.
WFP will pursue synergies by enhancing the convergence1 and integration of its own activities and those of its partners in order to address issues across the humanitarian-development-peace nexus. A gender-transformative approach will ensure that women are included as beneficiaries and decision-makers, with economic opportunities and strengthened capacities that give them a stronger voice and improve their position in society. WFP will contribute to the enhancement of national systems, including social safety nets, focusing on capacity strengthening across all activities with a view to their gradual transfer to government partners.
WFP’s primary partner is the Government, at all levels from national to local. Other partners include United Nations agencies – particularly the Rome-based agencies – private-sector partners, civil society and non-governmental organizations.
The country strategic plan will contribute to the achievement of the Government’s national socio-economic development plan (Plan Sénégal Emergent); the United Nations development assistance framework for 2019–2023, Strategic Development Goals 2 and 17 and WFP’s Strategic Results 1, 2, 4 and 5