CSP approved at EB.A/2019
Despite positive economic growth and progress in poverty reduction, Tajikistan still faces a challenging food security and nutrition situation. A recent economic downturn compounded by population growth has increased household vulnerability and led to its reclassification as a low-income country in 2018. Malnutrition rates are the highest in Central Asia, and the number of undernourished people has remained unchanged over the last decade. Tajikistan faces environmental challenges including soil degradation and poor natural resource management. The country is also vulnerable to the impacts of climate change, which has exacerbated food security and undermined the livelihoods of vulnerable communities.
The Government has identified food security and access to good quality nutrition as one of its development priorities. The country strategic plan is aligned with government strategy, addressing gaps and promoting capacity strengthening to support the country’s efforts to achieve Sustainable Development Goal 2, on zero hunger, through four strategic outcomes:
- Strategic outcome 1: Food-insecure vulnerable people, including primary schoolchildren, in targeted districts meet their basic food requirements by 2024.
- Strategic outcome 2: Vulnerable groups, especially children aged 6–59 months and pregnant and lactating women and girls, in districts where the national integrated management of acute malnutrition protocol is being rolled out have reduced levels of malnutrition by 2024.
- Strategic outcome 3: Targeted food-insecure communities in areas vulnerable to climate change have increased their resilience to shocks by 2024.
- Strategic outcome 4: Government institutions at the central and decentralized levels have strengthened capacities to target, design and implement effective food security and nutrition strategies by 2024.
The plan contributes to the national development strategy for the period up to 2030 and the United Nations development assistance framework for 2016–2020. Activities will support the achievement of Sustainable Development Goals 2 and 17 through WFP’s Strategic Results 1 (access to food), 2 (end malnutrition), 4 (sustainable food systems) and 5 (capacity strengthening) and will contribute to the achievement of Sustainable Development Goal 4, on quality education.
WFP will implement activities in partnership with the Government, United Nations agencies and other development partners through the Development Coordination Council and the Scaling Up Nutrition initiative.