Even before fighting broke out in early 2015, Yemen was one of the poorest countries in the Arab world. With an average life expectancy below 64, the nation is ranked 183th out of 191 in the 2021 Human Development Index.
Seven years of conflict have left thousands of civilians dead and 4.2 million people displaced. Its impact on the country’s infrastructure has been devastating, with major overland routes and airports severely damaged.
Despite ongoing humanitarian assistance, up to 19 million Yemenis are food insecure.
The coordinated response of the humanitarian community has prevented catastrophe in Yemen. But if these interventions stop or are severely hampered, the situation is likely to deteriorate quickly.
Malnutrition rates among women and children in Yemen remain among the highest in the world, with 1.3 million pregnant/breastfeeding women and 2.2 million children under 5 requiring treatment for acute malnutrition. Of these children, 538,500 are at risk of dying without treatment.
Access constraints continue to pose a serious challenge to WFP in several areas especially where conflict is intense. Despite access and security challenges, WFP and its partners manage to deliver assistance to the vast majority of vulnerable people in the country.
WFP is providing food assistance for those most urgently in need of support in what has emerged as one of the world’s worst hunger crises. The COVID-19 pandemic now poses a new threat to the people of Yemen. The economic impact of COVID-19 on countries like Yemen – struggling with poverty and devasted by conflict – may be more devastating than the disease itself.
What the World Food Programme is doing in Yemen
In 2022, WFP aims to provide nearly 13 million people with food assistance as in-kind rations of flour, pulses, oil, sugar, salt, or voucher or cash to purchase the same quantity of food.
Through this system, people receive cash equal to the value of the food basket provided to families, which will inject much-needed liquidity into the economy. Much higher food prices in the south versus the north of Yemen means the cash amount is different.
In response to high acute, moderate and severe malnutrition rates among children, WFP aims to provide nutritional support to 2.5 million pregnant/nursing women and children under 5 in 2022.
WFP is also focused on helping Yemen build a sustainable future through livelihoods support. In 2022, WFP aims to reach 1.5 million people with projects to rebuild productive assets like roads, agricultural land, irrigation systems, schools and health facilities as well as training.
WFP aims to provide daily nutritious snacks – either date bars or high energy biscuits – to 2.4 million school children in 2022. The programme focuses on areas that have been hard hit by conflict, leading to low levels of school attendance and poor food security.
The WFP-managed UN Humanitarian Air Service (UNHAS) continues to transport humanitarian aid workers between five key hubs in Yemen and the region. In addition, the Logistics Cluster facilitates regular sea and air transport for humanitarian cargo between Aden, Hodeidah, Sana’a and Djibouti.
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