West African decision-makers meet to discuss economic recovery in a region destabilised by conflict, covid-19 and hunger crises
During the two-day forum in Dakar held on 21 and 22 June 2022, participants will address sustainable development issues, identify and discuss policy directions and actions needed to strengthen the resilience and recovery of West African economies. They will also lay the groundwork for policy responses to emerging development challenges in West Africa, including growing levels of food insecurity, the climate challenge, extreme violence, and the breakdown of social cohesion.
The socioeconomic fallout from the COVID-19 pandemic and the ripple effect of the conflict in Ukraine have led to increased costs of food, fuel, and agricultural inputs - particularly fertilizer - in the region according to the joint studies conducted by ECOWAS, UNECA, FAO and WFP.
These studies revealed that West African countries are highly dependent on food imports – with the region spending US$ 4.5 billion in 2019 on cereal imports. Dependence on wheat imports is particularly acute in Mali, Senegal, Guinea, and Benin, where just over half of the wheat consumed comes from Russia. This situation poses a threat to the region due to the unprecedented rise in food prices witnessed in February-March 2022, with the FAO Food Price Index reaching its highest level on record in March 2022.
The increased cost of importing agricultural inputs for West African countries - including fertilizer - has a negative impact on food production in the region and particularly in the Sahelian zone.
These uncertainties could exacerbate food insecurity in a region already coping with the highest number of food insecure people during the post-harvest season since the Cadre Harmonisé food security assessments were introduced in 2014. During the ongoing June-August lean season, 43 million women, men and children are expected to face food insecurity - 23 percent last year. -
Through this forum, the United Nations will reinforce their partnership with ECOWAS and intergovernmental organisations to ensure all parties work together in a coordinated manner that is aligned with both the strategic priorities of subregional organization as well as the Sustainable Development Goals.
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Comprised of 54 Member States, the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) plays a double role as a regional body of the UN and an integral part of the regional institutions in Africa. UNECA’s mandate is to support social and economic development of its Members States, encourage regional integration and promote international cooperation for the development of Africa.
The Economic Community for West African States (ECOWAS) is an intergovernmental organisation created on 28 May 1975. It aims to promote cooperation and integration towards an economic union of West Africa while contributing to improve the living conditions of the people. The regional organisation maintains and increases economic stability, reinforces relationship between members and contributes to the growth and development of the African continent. To date, ECOWAS has 15 members.
The United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) is the world’s largest humanitarian organization, saving lives in emergencies and using food assistance to build a pathway to peace, stability and prosperity for people recovering from conflict, disasters and the impact of climate change.
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