In line with the declaration of the Heads of State and Governments at the Summit on the Horn of Africa in Nairobi in September 2011, affirming their commitment to end drought emergencies and vulnerabilities in the IGAD region, this atlas was developed jointly by ICPAC and WFP using the Swedish Climate Adaptation Fund, as a contribution to better understanding of climate risks and vulnerabilities.
The atlas maps the past climate trends, identifies geographic patterns of hazards, vulnerability, and aligns with trends in food security. The Atlas generates information essential for resilience building, climate risks mitigation and adaptation to address climate change impacts in order to achieve food security and improve nutrition goals. The Atlas examines and analyses most of the drivers of vulnerability in the GHA, of which the majority are influenced by the climatic variability. These drivers include frequent hazards (droughts, dry spells, floods), environmental and land degradation, animal and crops diseases and pests, human diseases, eroded livelihoods, conflict and high food prices.