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What is COP26? The big UN climate change summit for beginners

As global powers meet in Glasgow, the World Food Programme joins humanitarian organizations daring to hope for decisions that will save millions from hunger
, Peyvand Khorsandi
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Bangladesh: A woman receives eletronic cash assitance from WFP and partners following floods in in July 2019. Photo: WFP/Sayed Asif Mahmud
What is COP 26? 

Conference of the Parties – the annual meeting of countries signed up to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (and it takes place 31 Oct-12 Nov).

In plain English? 

Duh, governments! (Perhaps they thought ‘parties’ would bring in more young people.) Specifically, those signed up to the UN’s climate change objectives. Once a year they meet up to discuss how to address the world’s climate crisis.

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Mozambique: WFP provides assistance in the aftermath of cyclone Idai in March 2019. Photo: WFP/Alexis Masciarelli
So I guess it’s been a case of good cop, bad cop. 

Terrible joke.  

Sorry. What’s the 26 about. Were there 25 preceding ones? 

COP1 took place in Berlin 1995.

Shouldn’t it be Cop27 then? 

Oh stop being so clever – last year’s was postponed due to Covid. This year’s is being hosted in Glasgow by the UK and Italy. 

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Yemen: Children with sandwiches distributed by WFP in Aden – the intersection of conflict and climate change is devastating the country. Photo: WFP/Hebatallah Munassar
Who turns up? 

Erm, people who hold power, people who lobby them: world leaders, politicians, negotiators, representatives of civil society, business, international organizations like the World Food Programme (WFP), which is very concerned about what climate change means for the world’s 811 million hungry people. 

And what does it mean?

Well, to say it doesn’t look good would be an understatement. But the good news is… 

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El Salvador: Cucumbers are grown using ground pumice stone for soil in Cacaopera in a WFP-backed greenhouse project in Central America's dry corridor. Photo: Photo: WFP/Nick Roeder
Go on

... there is still a chance of limiting warming to a 1.5°C rise on pre-Industrial Revolution levels, which makes action now critical – with an emphasis on the NOW. Fortunately, most countries have signed up to the Paris Agreement

The who?

 At COP21 in Paris in 2015, they agreed to keep global heating ‘well below’ 2°C and ideally no more than 1.5°C .

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South Sudan: A girl in Karam, Uror county - where severe droughts and floods are pushing people to the brink. Photo: WFP/Gabriela Vivacqua
So what’s the challenge

To achieve ‘net zero’ – where we don’t produce more emissions than we remove from the atmosphere – by 2050; also by 2030, current global emissions need be chopped in half.

Or what happens?

In a 2°C warmer world, an additional 189 million people would be pushed into hunger. If that temperature were to double, well, then 1.8 billion more people would be pushed into hunger. 

I see. So that 2030 target is critical

Yes. The climate crisis impacts all parts of the global food system – from production to consumption. It destroys land and crops, kills livestock, depletes fisheries, and cuts off transport links to markets. This impacts food production, availability, diversity, access and safety. At the same time, food systems impact the environment and are a driver of climate change.

Young women, affected by Cyclone Idai carrying WFP food assistance
Mozambique: People in Mafambisse, near Beira, leave a WFP distribution point in the wake of cyclone Idai in 2019. Photo: WFP/Rein Skullerud
So what does WFP want to happen at COP26? 

We want governments and donors to commit to urgent global action that: restores degraded ecosystems to act as natural protection against climate change; protects the most vulnerable; anticipates climate hazards so we can act early and.... re-energizes food systems to stop deforestation and cut carbon emissions. 

Doable. Now, tell me all of the above in ten words

The climate crisis is here. We need global action now. 

  

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