Cambodia has achieved impressive economic growth since the mid-1990s and made solid progress in reducing national poverty. Nonetheless, the prevalence of food insecurity and undernutrition remains high, with 18 percent of the population living below the food poverty line and a chronic malnutrition rate of 40 percent among children under 5. Access to sufficient and diverse types of food remains a major concern for the most vulnerable. Yet Cambodia also faces opportunities to address these challenges: economic growth projections are optimistic, agricultural productivity is increasing and the food security policy platform is dynamic, with social protection a high national priority.
In support of government efforts to tackle food security challenges, the country programme focuses on food-based social safety nets in the sectors of education, nutrition, and productive assets/livelihoods support. These interventions will use WFP’s experience and comparative advantage to attain more sustainable food-security outcomes through high-impact activities using traditional and innovative instruments based on more durable models. In this context, WFP will make three major transitions during the course of the country programme: from recovery to development; from food aid to food assistance; and from implementing to becoming an enabler of longer-term, nationally owned food-security solutions.