The people of Mindanao have long been hit by cycles of violent conflict and displacement, and these have intensified in the past decade. “All Out War” in 2000 and hostilities in 2008 each led to the displacement of nearly a million individuals. Tens of thousands were displaced by military operations in 2003 and, more recently, thousands of families had to leave their homes when fighting escalated in parts of Zamboanga Sibugay and Basilan in October 2011.
Currently, several thousand people across Mindanao remain displaced, particularly in Maguindanao. To better understand the development challenges caused by violence and displacement in Central Mindanao, the World Bank and the United Nations World Food Program (WFP) commissioned a large-scale survey of 2,759 individuals in eight provinces and one urban center (Cotabato City) of Central and Western Mindanao, undertaken in November and December 2010.