This report presents the results of small area estimation techniques to improve sample survey estimates of poverty, caloric intake and malnutrition for Nepal. This is the first time that statistical techniques have been used to estimate indicators of socio-economic status at region, district, and sub-district (ilaka) level across the country. Planners, researchers, and development partners have all identified a requirement for estimates of poverty and related indicators at local level. With the goal of addressing this need, Poverty Mapping was included as an integral component of the Nepal Living Standards Survey 2003-04 Project (NLSS-II). It is hoped that the results of this exercise will prove useful to those tasked with planning resource allocation at a local level.