Natural disasters are a leading cause of hunger and malnutrition. Disasters affect the economic and physical access to food, availability and stability of supplies, and nutrition. Hunger and malnutrition also increase disaster risk. Vulnerable people are less able to cope with increasing and more frequent and intense disasters and their impacts, becoming trapped in a cycle of chronic hunger and poverty.
Without protection from disasters risks, the most vulnerable people cannot begin to build their resilience and reduce the risks they face in order to become food secure. Disaster risk reduction is therefore a prerequisite for sustainable development and for eliminating hunger.
Disaster risk reduction is a central priority for WFP. About half of WFP’s programmes address the risks of natural disasters and their impacts on food security, reaching approximately 80 million people in 60 countries each year.
WFP is a leading innovator in the area of food security and disaster risk reduction and has pioneered cutting-edge emergency preparedness and early warning systems that have been adopted globally. WFP has also led the application
of innovative risk financing tools, such as index insurance, in disaster response and safety nets. DRR areas of expertise include: