Food Assistance for Assets (FFA) programmes can produce immediate advantages for a community in terms of food security and nutrition. At the same time, they can help reduce risks from natural disasters and contribute to long-term benefits for the environment and for livelihoods. This, in turn, increases a community's resilience.
FFA programmes are one of WFP’s key tools for providing food assistance to the most vulnerable. Using food, vouchers or cash transfers, they get communities particpating in asset creation activities.
FFA programmes aim to:
- Improve access to food for the most vulnerable and food-insecure people
- Boost access to livelihood assets that ensure early recovery, reduce disaster risks and build long-term resilience to shocks
- Promote gender equality
Helping ensure the poor have access to food even during a crisis and addressing the root causes of food insecurity and vulnerability, FFA programmes make important and critical contributions to the second pillar of the Zero Hunger Challenge initiative (“100% access to adequate food all year round’’) whilst contributing to all of the other four pillars.
In particular, FFA contributes to:
- Natural resources development and management (soil and water conservation, water harvesting, flood control, etc.)
- Support to the restoration of the agricultural, pastoral, and fisheries potential (rehabilitation of irrigation schemes, land rehabilitation and clearing, fish ponds, forestry and agroforestry, etc.)
- Community access to markets and social services (construction and rehabilitation of roads, bridges, etc.)
- Community infrastructure (repair or construction of schools, latrines, market places, community granaries and warehouses, and other community infrastructure)
- Skills development trainings related to natural resources management, asset management, livelihood diversification, Income generating activities.
- Promoting access to risk transfer schemes (e.g. FFA linked to insurance)
FFA programmes also provide the entry points for scaling up resilience building activities with partners. WFP enhances engagement with partners through the ‘Three-pronged approach’ (3PA) to strengthen the design, planning and implementation of longer-term programmes placing people at the centre of planning with innovative tools such as the Integrated context analysis (ICA), Seasonal livelihood programming (SLP), and Community-based Participatory Planning (CBPP).