This operation has expired on 31 December 2015.
Following the outbreak of violence in the Gao, Kidal, and Timbuktu regions of Mali, hundreds of thousands of people have fled northern Mali and sought refuge with host communities and in refugee camps in neighbouring countries. According to the latest figures from the Office of United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), 160,000 Malians have sought refuge in Mauritania, Burkina Faso, and Niger, while 200,000 more are internally displaced in Mali. As conflict continues in northern Mali, the situation is expected to further deteriorate and pastoral populations are expected to migrate throughout the region in greater numbers. The situation has been exacerbated by an ongoing food crisis in eight countries in the Sahel, including Mali, Mauritania, Burkina Faso, and Niger. WFP estimates that 7 million people are in need of food assistance in these four countries and is responding to the drought through operations at the country level, guided by the WFP regional response framework for the Sahel.
Given the highly mobile nature of the displaced Malians and the regional implications, WFP has developed this regional emergency operation (EMOP) to provide urgent food and nutrition assistance to internally displaced and refugee populations. This operation covers Mali, Mauritania, Burkina Faso, and Niger, and will enable WFP to provide urgent food and nutrition assistance to an estimated 300,000 internally displaced persons and 255,000 refugees fleeing the conflict in northern Mali. WFP has used the Office for Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs latest planning figures for refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs) as a basis for its EMOP. Given the unpredictable and dynamic situation, the operation’s design also enables rapid response to changes in displacement flows, particularly further deterioration between July and December 2012.
This EMOP will take over from on-going food assistance to Malian IDPs and refugees currently provided under WFP country-level operations; measures are in place to ensure the transition to the regional operation proceeds effectively. WFP will carry out relief activities within United Nations humanitarian coordination frameworks, in partnership with national governments and nongovernmental organizations, and in parallel with its on-going operations that make up the regional Sahel drought response framework. The emergency operation is aligned to WFP Strategic Objective 1 (“Save lives and protect livelihoods in emergencies”) and will contribute toward Millennium Development Goals 1 (“Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger”), 4 (“Reduce child mortality”) and 5 (“Improve maternal health”).