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The Food Security Cluster (FSC), co-led by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the World Food Programme (WFP), has been coordinating food-security responses during and after  humanitarian crises since 2011.

The FSC coordinates a network of partners – including UN agencies, INGOs and NGOs –  across 34 operations in 30 countries, to promptly address emergency food needs and improve livelihoods.

The FSC operates at global and local levels to elevate country clusters’ key requests and increase awareness of the state of the food crisis.

the role of the global security cluster
  • The global FSC support team provides guidance to country clusters and sectors, both remotely and through surge missions.
  • The global FSC also engages with other global clusters including WASH, Nutrition, Health, the Joint Intersectoral Assessment Framework and the Global Cluster Coordinators Group.
  • The Strategic Advisory Group (SAG) guarantees accountability to cluster partners.
  • Country clusters steer the coordination of the food-security response. Depending on the extent of the crisis, the cluster can also be subdivided into regional and local hubs to further facilitate coordination.

The Food Security Cluster ultimately aims at improving food security analysis and evidence-based decision-making. The global support team seeks to integrate monitoring processes through a common platform, indicators and reporting models (known as 5Ws – Who does What, Where, When and for Whom). At any given time, the FSC can provide information on needs at global or country level, humanitarian response plans and targeted objectives, and actual levels of response and the gaps – either in terms of partners’ presence or financial requirements.